Mind the Pain
When you’re in pain, particularly if you deal with chronic issues, finding practices that give you relief usually means an increase in quality of life. You’re able to enjoy activities and sleep better or return to hobbies you had to give up.
It's no secret that regular massage can increase a person's overall health and wellbeing. Now, a new study shows that meditation—even when done by beginners who haven’t regularly used this practice—helps relieve pain.
“This is the first study to show that only a little over an hour of meditation training can dramatically reduce both the experience of pain and pain-related brain activation,” explains Fadel Zeidan, Ph.D. and lead author of the study in the April 6 edition of the Journal of Neuroscience.
The study comprised 15 healthy volunteers who had never meditated before, each of whom attended four, 20-minute classes to learn focused attention—a common meditation technique. Both before and after meditation training, researchers examined the brain activity of all participants using arterial spin labeling magnetic resonance imaging, a special type of imaging. During this process, participants had a pain inducing heat device placed on their right leg, heating a small area of skin to 120F over a period of five minutes.
The results: Every participant’s pain ratings were reduced after meditation training, ranging from decreases of 11 percent all the way to 93 percent.
“We found a big effect—about 40 percent reduction in pain intensity and a 57 percent reduction in pain unpleasantness,” Zeidan reports. “Meditation produced a greater reduction in pain than even morphine or other pain-relieving drugs, which typically reduce pain ratings by about 25 percent.”
Researchers also found that meditation significantly reduced activity in the area of the brain involved in creating the feeling of where and how intense pain is. Before meditation training, activity in the primary somatosensory cortex was high. During the scans, however, no activity in this pain-processing region could be detected when participants were meditating.
Crash Course: Focused Attention
Focused attention encourages you to concentrate on your breath, letting go of distracting thoughts and emotions. Here are a few ways to get started:
PICK A FOCAL POINT. You might have a nice picture you want to use, or a favorite memory. You can also choose a sound or smell, like running water or your favorite incense.
GET COMFORTABLE. Find a position that allows you to relax.
FOCUS. Turn your attention to the focal point you chose. Be present in the experience, focusing on the smell of the incense, or the sounds of the waves crashing onto the shore. When your mind wanders, let the distracting thought go and consciously return your attention back to your focal point.
QUIET THE CRITIC. Remember that meditation isn’t about perfection, so if you find that you’re getting easily distracted, don’t beat yourself up. Give yourself credit for recognizing the distraction, then return once again to your focus. Over time, your ability to not attend to the outside distractions will improve.
Source: This article was from excerpted from mtj® (Massage Therapy Journal®) Summer 2011. Subscribe to read the entire article.